We are looking for 4 Early Stage Researchers (ESR)/PhD Researchers. They will be working under the framework of LeADS - Legality Attentive Data Scientists project. Their main task will be to collaborate to the Research and Training program LeADS and to eventually prepare their doctoral thesis in the same framework. The PhD thesis work will be undertaken at Sant’Anna School (Pisa, Italy) in the national PhD program on Artificial Intelligence administered by the University of Pisa.
As doctoral students, the ESRs will be jointly-supervised under the direction of the LeADS consortium and will spend also secondment(s) at Consortium members.
Each ESR/doctoral researcher will be assigned to one of the main general topics of the ETN LeADS listed below
- ESR 1 Project Title: Reciprocal interplay between competition law and privacy in the digital revolution
Objectives: Data are more and more important resources in the so-called Digital Revolution: the impact on competition law is increasingly relevant and so are the implications of data protection law on competition law. The researcher will address these implications, analysing some relevant topics: the impact of data portability and the requirements in terms of interoperability in the new GDPR compared to the barriers to entry and to market dominance; how customer data can be “assessed” as an index of market dominance for the big information providers (Google, Apple, Facebook, Amazon); and how SMEs can benefit from data protection law and competition law in order to increase their volume in the market
- ESR 3 Project Title: Unchaining data portability potentials in a lawful digital economy
Objectives: Empirically test the potentials of the right to data portability. The research in the framework of LeADS will relate data portability not only to data protection law, but also to competition law and unfair business practices (e.g., offer or price discrimination between groups of consumers through profiling operations), setting the scene for their regulatory interplay in line with current and forthcoming technologies. In doing so specific attention will be offered to the possible technical solutions to guarantee effective portability. Additionally, the technical, statistical, and privacy implications of the new right will be evaluated, such as the need for standard formats for personal data, and the exception in Article 20.2 of the GDPR, according to which the personal data, upon request by the data subject, should be transmitted from one controller to another “where technically feasible”.
- ESR 5 Project Title: Differential privacy and differential explainability in the data sphere: the use case of predictive jurisprudence
Objectives: Human life and economy are exponentially data driven. The switch from residential to cloud based data storage is making increasingly difficult to reap the maximum from data while minimizing the chances of identifying individuals in datasets. Researcher will explore the interplay between differential privacy technologies and the data protection regulatory framework in search of effective mixes.
- ESR 14 Project Title: Neuromarketing and mental integrity between market and human rights
Objectives: ESR’s research question is whether and how neuromarketing can affect human rights of individuals, considering in particular recent interpretations of rights contained in the European Convention of Human Rights and in the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights, in particular “mental privacy”, “cognitive freedom”, and “psychological continuity”. Indeed, advanced data analytics provide a very high level of understanding of users’ behaviour, sometimes even beyond the conscious self-understanding of the users themselves exploiting all user’s idiosyncrasies, including user’s vulnerabilities harming the exercise of free decision making