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Marta Stroppa is a PhD Candidate in Human Rights and Global Politics at the Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies. Her research focuses on the legal implications of autonomous cyber capabilities in the use of force and conduct of hostilities.

During her PhD, Marta was a Visiting Scholar at the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence in Tallinn, Estonia, and at the University of Westminster in London, United Kingdom.

Marta is Teaching Assistant at the University of Milan, Research Fellow at the Information Society Law Center of the University of Milan, and a member of the Editorial Committee of the Italian Review of International and Comparative Law. Since October 2023, Marta is also the Academic Tutor of the Master's Degree in International Security Studies and of the Master's Degree in Management Innovation, jointly offered by the Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies and the University of Trento

Marta has previously worked in the Legal Affairs Office of the Permanent Mission of Italy to the United Nations in New York and in the Global Maritime Crime Programme of United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime in Bangkok. She holds a Bachelor's and Master's Degree in International Relations from the University of Milan and a Master of Laws in International and European Law from Tilburg University. 


Marta Stroppa (2023), “Autonomous cyber capabilities and unilateral measures of self-help against malicious cyber operations”, NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence, Tallinn: NATO CCD COE Publications Office, available at:

Marta Stroppa (2023), “The use of autonomous weapons systems in armed conflict: legal and ethical implications”, in N. Rébé (Ed.), “Artificial Intelligence: Crime, War, and Justice”, London: Ethics Press.

Francesca Romana Partipilo and Marta Stroppa (2023), “Humanitarian organizations under cyber-attack: emerging threats and humanitarian actors’ responsibilities under international human rights law”, in François Delerue, Arun Sukumar, and Dennis Broeders (Eds.), “Responsible Behaviour in Cyberspace: Global Narratives and Practice”, EU Cyber Directive, Luxemburg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Marta Stroppa (2023), “Legal and Ethical Implications of Autonomous Cyber Capabilities: A Call for Retaining Human Control in Cyberspace”, in Ethics and Information Technology, vol. 25, no. 7, Special Issue: Responsible AI in Military Application.

Marta Stroppa (2022), “Il caso Breivik a dieci anni dalla strage di Oslo e Utøya”, in Rivista di Diritti Comparati, Vol. 2, pp. 604-638.